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DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#118  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score15.98
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.26
Rank#309  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#140  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerLeanXcale
Initial release198420052015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcale
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcale
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Recent citations in the news

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

NoSQL Databases Software Market – A Comprehensive Study by Key Players:MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – Skegness Siren
27 November 2022, Skegness Siren

NoSQL Software Market 2028 Growth Drivers along with Top Brands MongoDB Amazon ArangoDB Azure Cosmos DB Couchbase MarkLogic RethinkDB CouchDB SQL-RD OrientDB RavenDB Redis Microsoft – Skegness Siren
25 November 2022, Skegness Siren

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

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