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DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. InfinityDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. InfinityDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#338  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orgboilerbay.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualdev.mysql.com/­doc
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerBoiler Bay Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release1984200520021995
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 20224.08.0.29, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIAccess via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"InfinityDBMySQL
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