DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLeanXcaleOracle
Initial release19842005201220152011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 20223.1.2, August 201922.1, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HiveLeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HiveLeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
13 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

CouchDB 3.2 Improves Replication Scheduler
21 October 2021, iProgrammer

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
4 November 2021, Wire19

provided by Google News

Top 10 Hadoop Analytics Tools Used in Big Data Projects in 2022
31 July 2022, Analytics Insight

Cloudera And Apache Iceberg – Collaborating On The Same Data
14 July 2022, Forbes

StarRocks Brings Speedy OLAP Database to the Cloud
14 July 2022, Datanami

How companies can support employees amidst political unrest
8 August 2022, Open Access Government

Data Lake Strategy Options: From Self-Service to Full-Service
8 August 2022, IT Business Edge

provided by Google News

Oracle NoSQL Database
28 March 2022, TechTarget

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

University of Mauritius Develops Breast Cancer Awareness App with Support from Oracle - Liberia news The New Dawn Liberia, premier resource for latest news
21 April 2022, The New Dawn Liberia

Oracle Beefs Up Its NoSQL Database Offering
3 April 2014, Data Center Knowledge

Updated Oracle Gen 2 Cloud aims to challenge cloud leaders
23 October 2018, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Nodejs ( Remote )
Biztegy Analytics, Alabama

Data Solution Analyst (commercial pharma data set experience required) - 100% remote
PRECISIONxtract, Alexandria, VA

Data Solution Analyst (commercial pharma data set experience required) - 100% remote
PRECISIONxtract, Chicago, IL

Data Solution Analyst (commercial pharma data set experience required) - 100% remote
PRECISIONxtract, Atlanta, GA

Sr. Data Engineers
GSPANN Technologie, Portland, OR

Sr. Data Architect, Data Lake & Analytics - Nationwide Opportunities
Amazon Web Services, Inc., West Virginia

Data Engineer
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Bigdata with Pyspark
Virtusa, Irving, TX

Data Engineer
Wizeline, Remote

Business Intelligence Engineer II, Inventory Placement
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Data Engineer
Fisher Investments, Tampa, FL

Data Engineer
Fisher Investments, Plano, TX

Data Engineer
Fisher Investments, Camas, WA

Full Stack Developer
Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here