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DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. GigaSpaces vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. GigaSpaces vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.High performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented Transactionsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionGraph DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.95
Rank#179  Overall
#31  Document stores
#7  Object oriented DBMS
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.gigaspaces.comhive.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGigaspaces TechnologiesApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLeanXcale
Initial release19842005200020122015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 202215.5, September 20203.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava, C++, .NetJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-99 for query and DML statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesyesyes, event driven architectureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GigaSpacesHiveLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GigaSpacesHiveLeanXcale
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