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DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developer
Initial release19842005
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per database

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"
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Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

CouchDB 3.2 Improves Replication Scheduler
21 October 2021, iProgrammer

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
4 November 2021, Wire19

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