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DBMS > 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score7.40
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#344  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncCockroach Labs8Kdata
Initial release198420152016
Current releasev18 R5, January 202121.1.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesdynamic schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQL
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBToroDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, Bitski, Five9,...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 20K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

CockroachDB brings user-defined functions to distributed SQL
8 December 2022, TechTarget

In Conversation with Spencer Kimball, CEO, Cockroach Labs
17 November 2022, Matt Turck

Cockroach Labs debuts serverless edition of its popular CockroachDB database
21 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

CockroachDB adds command line tool as database hits version 22.1
24 May 2022, The Register

O'Reilly Launches New Book: CockroachDB the Definitive Guide
10 May 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

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