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DBMS > 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Object oriented DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score6.93
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#8  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbobjectbox.iowww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.objectbox.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncCockroach LabsMicrosoftObjectBox LimitedOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842015201420171998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202121.1.2, June 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
hostedAndroid
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemaschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScriptnoPL/SQL
TriggersyesnoJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceonline/offline synchronization between client and serverMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 6.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
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24 November 2021

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26 October 2021

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1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
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