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DBMS > 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. MaxDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. MaxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score2.20
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.commaxdb.sap.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsmaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncCockroach LabsSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198420151984
Current releasev20, April 202324.1.0, May 20247.9.10.12, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D
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