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DBMS > 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score5.58
Rank#68  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.commemgraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncCockroach LabsDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph Ltd
Initial release1984201520082017
Current releasev18.1, March 202019.2.6, April 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBDrizzleMemgraph
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a Distributed SQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu, SpaceX, TuneGO, eBay, DoorDash, Norfolk...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 600+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 120+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBDrizzleMemgraph
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