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DBMS > 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. CouchDB vs. Kyligence Enterprise vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CockroachDB vs. CouchDB vs. Kyligence Enterprise vs. LeanXcale

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonKyligence Enterprise  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A distributed analytics engine for big data, built on top of Apache KylinA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.29
Rank#276  Overall
#129  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.comcouchdb.apache.orgkyligence.io/­kyligence-enterprisewww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
Developer4D, IncCockroach LabsApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerKyligence, Inc.LeanXcale
Initial release19842015200520162015
Current releasev18 R5, January 202121.1.2, June 20213.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoErlangJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesdynamic schemaschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnoANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)yes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Kyligence EnterpriseLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCockroachDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Kyligence EnterpriseLeanXcale
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