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DBMS > 4D vs. Cloudflare Workers KV vs. Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Cloudflare Workers KV vs. Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCloudflare Workers KV  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA global, low-latency, key-value store for applications on Cloudflare with exceptionally high read volumes and low-latency.A distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Transactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#305  Overall
#45  Key-value stores
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#252  Overall
#119  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.cloudflare.com/­products/­workers-kvwww.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­spannertrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdevelopers.cloudflare.com/­workers/­runtime-apis/­kvdocs.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docstrafodion.apache.org
Developer4D, IncCloudflareCouchbase, Inc.GoogleApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release19842018201120172014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP REST
Proprietary protocol
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Dart
JavaScript
Kotlin
Python
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesnoyes infovia the TAP protocolnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoEphemeral bucketsnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCloudflare Workers KVCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud SpannerTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCloudflare Workers KVCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud SpannerTrafodion
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