DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Citus vs. Geode vs. KairosDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Citus vs. Geode vs. KairosDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesDistributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#135  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score0.67
Rank#214  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.citusdata.comgeode.apache.orggithub.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdb
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.citusdata.comgeode.apache.org/­docskairosdb.github.io
Developer4D, IncOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.
Initial release1984201020022013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.1, December 20181.1, February 20171.2.2, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (OQL)no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Graphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights per client and object definablesimple password-based access control

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCitusGeodeKairosDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Learn how to build a fast, scalable data system on Azure Hyperscale (Citus) and Cosmos DB
1 April 2022, YourStory

What is Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server?
24 June 2022, TechRepublic

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

The Next Evolution of the Database Sharding Architecture
12 January 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

The Apache Software Foundation Welcomes VMware as its Newest Platinum Sponsor
3 March 2022, GlobeNewswire

Distributed Caching on Cloud – The New Stack
16 June 2022, thenewstack.io

Simplifying Apache Geode with Spring Data
2 June 2018, InfoQ.com

High-Performance Data Processing with Spring Cloud Data Flow and Geode
28 June 2020, InfoQ.com

RDBMS and Apache Geode Data Movement: Low Latency ETL Pipeline by Using Cloud-Native Event Driven Microservices
30 June 2018, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Solutions Engineer
CNH Industrial, United States

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Chicago, IL

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Quincy, MA

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Scarborough, ME

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Mauldin, SC

Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
Career Soft Solutions, New York, NY

SENIOR DATA ARCHITECT
SPR, Chicago, IL

Data Solutions Engineer - Opportunity for Working Remotely Chicago, IL
VMware, Chicago, IL

Data Solutions Engineer - Opportunity for Working Remotely Miami, FL
VMware, Miami, FL

Data Solutions Engineer - Opportunity for Working Remotely Atlanta, GA
VMware, Atlanta, GA

Network Automation Engineer
Verisign, Reston, VA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here