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DBMS > 4D vs. Cassandra vs. InfluxDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Cassandra vs. InfluxDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score119.18
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score23.34
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookYugabyte Inc.
Initial release1984200820132017
Current releasev18.1, March 20203.11.8, August 20201.8.0, April 20202.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data and Stringsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languageyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoin enterprise version onlyHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per objectsimple rights management via user accountsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCassandraInfluxDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCassandraInfluxDBYugabyteDB
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