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DBMS > 4D vs. Cachelot.io vs. Cassandra vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Cachelot.io vs. Cassandra vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCachelot.io  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemIn-memory caching systemWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeWide column storeGraph DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#56  Key-value stores
Score118.15
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.18
Rank#122  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comcachelot.iocassandra.apache.orgwww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by Facebook8Kdata
Initial release19842015200820172016
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.0.5, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoSimplified BSD LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++JavaC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solution
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Memcached protocolProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCachelot.ioCassandraTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCachelot.ioCassandraTigerGraphToroDB
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