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DBMS > 4D vs. Blueflood vs. Cassandra vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Blueflood vs. Cassandra vs. Hazelcast

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBlueflood  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemScalable TimeSeries DBMS based on CassandraWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#344  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score10.08
Rank#48  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comblueflood.iocassandra.apache.orghazelcast.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­rackerlabs/­blueflood/­wikicassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
Developer4D, IncRackspaceApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHazelcast
Initial release1984201320082008
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.0.4, May 20225.1, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyespredefined schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP RESTProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersyesnoyesyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infobased on CassandraSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandraselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBluefloodCassandraHazelcast
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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