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DBMS > 4D vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.36
Rank#105  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#191  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score13.29
Rank#41  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
Developer4D, IncBlazegraphMicrosoft
Initial release198420062016
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.1.5, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in Graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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