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DBMS > 4D vs. BigchainDB vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BigchainDB vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsWell established RDBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#193  Overall
#30  Document stores
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.bigchaindb.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.combigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
Developer4D, IncActian CorporationMicrosoft
Initial release198420161974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2016
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111.0, April 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL v3commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factorIngres Replicatoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBigchainDBIngresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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