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DBMS > 4D vs. BigchainDB vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BigchainDB vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsSpatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scaleGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#193  Overall
#30  Document stores
Score0.28
Rank#273  Overall
#125  Relational DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.bigchaindb.comgeospock.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.combigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.geospock.com/­Content/­Home.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
Developer4D, IncGeoSpockGoogle
Initial release198420162015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL v3commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonJava, Javascript
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linuxhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyestemporal, categoricalno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingAutomatic shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factorInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesAccess rights for users can be defined per tableAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBigchainDBGeoSpockGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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