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DBMS > 4D vs. BigObject vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BigObject vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBigObject  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAnalytic DBMS for real-time computations and queriesAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoa hierachical model (tree) can be imposedDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#337  Overall
#148  Relational DBMS
Score6.94
Rank#63  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score1.89
Rank#138  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.combigobject.iocloud.google.com/­datastorewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.bigobject.iocloud.google.com/­datastore/­docstechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
Developer4D, IncBigObject, Inc.GoogleTmaxSoft
Initial release1984201520082003
Current releasev18 R5, January 20216, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree community edition availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and Assembler
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux infodistributed as a docker-image
OS X infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
Windows infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (GQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
fluentd
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesLuausing Google App EnginePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
TriggersyesnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication using PaxosMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoautomatically between fact table and dimension tablesyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoRead/write lock on objects (tables, trees)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBigObjectGoogle Cloud DatastoreTibero
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