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DBMS > 4D vs. BaseX vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BaseX vs. MySQL vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Widely used open source RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSNative XML DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score1.80
Rank#144  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score1199.40
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#186  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.combasex.orgwww.mysql.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.basex.orgdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.nebula-graph.io
Developer4D, IncBaseX GmbHOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunVesoft Inc.
Initial release1984200719952019
Current releasev18 R5, January 202110.4, December 20228.0.31, October 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes infovia eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDmultiple readers, single writerACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBaseXMySQLNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBaseXMySQLNebulaGraph
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