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DBMS > 4D vs. BaseX vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BaseX vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSNative XML DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.combasex.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.basex.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncBaseX GmbHMicrosoft
Initial release198420071989
Current releasev18 R5, January 20219.6.3, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infoXQuery supports typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyes infovia eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDmultiple readers, single writerACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBaseXMicrosoft SQL Server
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