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DBMS > 4D vs. BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score1.84
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.combasex.orgmemgraph.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.basex.orgdocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncBaseX GmbHDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph Ltd
Initial release1984200720082017
Current releasev18.1, March 20209.4.3, September 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesyes infovia eventsno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDmultiple readers, single writerACIDACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBaseXDrizzleMemgraph
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