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DBMS > 4D vs. Badger vs. EJDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Badger vs. EJDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonBadger  Xexclude from comparisonEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Embeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#340  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Score0.29
Rank#298  Overall
#41  Document stores
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerejdb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgergithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncDGraph LabsSoftmotionsMicrosoft
Initial release1984201720121989
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPLv2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-lessLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
in-process shared libraryADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
GoActionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnonenoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoRead/Write Lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionBadgerEJDBMicrosoft SQL Server
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