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DBMS > 4D vs. Atos Standard Common Repository vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Atos Standard Common Repository vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAtos Standard Common Repository  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
This system has been discontinued and will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHighly scalable database system, designed for managing session and subscriber data in modern mobile communication networksAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.43
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score1.96
Rank#121  Overall
#2  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comatos.net/en/convergence-creators/portfolio/standard-common-repositorycloud.google.com/­datastorewww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
Developer4D, IncAtos Convergence CreatorsGoogleAlessandro Furieri
Initial release1984201620082008
Current releasev18 R5, January 202117035.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linuxhostedserver-less
Data schemeyesSchema and schema-less with LDAP viewsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query language (GQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
LDAPgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages with LDAP bindings.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnousing Google App Engineno
TriggersyesyesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infocell divisionShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication using Paxosnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsLDAP bind authenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAtos Standard Common RepositoryGoogle Cloud DatastoreSpatiaLite
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