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DBMS > 4D vs. ArcadeDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ArcadeDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonArcadeDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewrittenA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS infoin next version
Graph DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#319  Overall
#45  Document stores
#32  Graph DBMS
#46  Key-value stores
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#127  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#327  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comarcadedb.comwww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.arcadedb.comdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncArcade Data8Kdata
Initial release1984202120172016
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
MongoDB API
OpenCypher
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Redis API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop Gremlin
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArcadeDBTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArcadeDBTigerGraphToroDB
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