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DBMS > 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score4.68
Rank#61  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score0.38
Rank#229  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score143.48
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.arangodb.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncArangoDB Inc.McObjectSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP
Initial release19842012200120092010
Current releasev17.0, July 20183.6.0, January 20208.1, November 20196.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyesLuaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyes infoby defining eventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infosince version 2.0horizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBeXtremeDBRedisSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
eXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
eXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
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IoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Schneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
With hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
For server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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