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DBMS > 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Industry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score5.35
Rank#78  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score2.65
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score132.44
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.arangodb.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stableoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
Developer4D, IncArangoDB Inc.Tobias OetikerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1984201219992000
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.9.3, September 20221.8.0, 20223.40.0  (16 November 2022), November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashNumeric data onlyyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnono
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infosince version 2.0nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factornonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBRRDtoolSQLite
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

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July 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
21 July 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBRRDtoolSQLite
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