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DBMS > 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. GigaSpaces vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. GigaSpaces vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.High performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score6.02
Rank#72  Overall
#13  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#9  Search engines
Score1.04
Rank#180  Overall
#32  Document stores
#7  Object oriented DBMS
Score2.51
Rank#117  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score138.82
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.arangodb.comwww.gigaspaces.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
Developer4D, IncArangoDB Inc.Gigaspaces TechnologiesTobias OetikerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release19842012200019992000
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.9.2, June 202215.5, September 20201.8.0, 20223.39.3  (5 September 2022), September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++Java, C++, .NetC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesNumeric data onlyyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatano infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-99 for query and DML statementsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyesnono
Triggersyesnoyes, event driven architecturenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesRole-based access controlnono
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBGigaSpacesRRDtoolSQLite
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
GigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Application Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Morgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Forrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
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