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DBMS > 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ArangoDB vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score5.55
Rank#73  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.arangodb.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
Developer4D, IncArangoDB Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerLeanXcale
Initial release1984201220052015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.9.1, April 20223.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++Erlang
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcale
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionArangoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcale
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