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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Phoenix vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Phoenix vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseWidely used open source RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score54.58
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comphoenix.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comphoenix.apache.orgdev.mysql.com/­dochelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSAP
Initial release1984201419952010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.0.27, October 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsyes infoproprietary syntaxSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache PhoenixMySQLSAP HANA
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