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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Geode vs. KairosDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Geode vs. KairosDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesDistributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#119  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score2.97
Rank#112  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score2.52
Rank#124  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
Score1.06
Rank#210  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comphoenix.apache.orggeode.apache.orggithub.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdb
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comphoenix.apache.orggeode.apache.org/­docskairosdb.github.io
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.
Initial release1984201420022013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20191.1, February 20171.2.2, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like query language (OQL)no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Graphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesnoyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights per client and object definablesimple password-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache PhoenixGeodeKairosDB
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