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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Kylin vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Kylin vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score1.54
Rank#155  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score6.29
Rank#66  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comkylin.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverprometheus.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverprometheus.io/­docs
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncMicrosoft
Initial release1984201519892015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.0, July 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92ANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache KylinMicrosoft SQL ServerPrometheus
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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Is OLAP Dead?
21 October 2022, KDnuggets

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

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3 January 2020, iProgrammer

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13 July 2022, GlobeNewswire

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22 November 2022, Container Journal

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