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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Kylin vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Kylin vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.28
Rank#155  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comkylin.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncMicrosoft
Initial release198420151989
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.0, July 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92ANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache KylinMicrosoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Kyligence Completes SOC 2 Type II Certification
9 August 2022, Datanami

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13 July 2022, GlobeNewswire

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
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