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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. CouchDB vs. KairosDB vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. CouchDB vs. KairosDB vs. LeanXcale

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Distributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRDF storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#4  RDF stores
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.67
Rank#214  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdbwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablekairosdb.github.io
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerLeanXcale
Initial release19842000200520132015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.5.0, May 20223.2.2, April 20221.2.2, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nononoyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Fuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoTDB Transactionsno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users can be defined per databasesimple password-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache Jena - TDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"KairosDBLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache Jena - TDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"KairosDBLeanXcale
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