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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. TimesTen vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. TimesTen vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#293  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#96  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1docs.vaticle.com
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005Grakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release1984201819982016
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)2.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPL/SQLno
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBTimesTenTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBTimesTenTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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