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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Solr vs. SQream DB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Solr vs. SQream DB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSQream DB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucenea GPU-based, columnar RDBMS for big data analytics workloadsIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score57.72
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.60
Rank#223  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orglucene.apache.org/­solrsqream.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.sqream.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationSQream TechnologiesOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842018200620141998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.11.0, November 20212020.2, July 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++, CUDA, Haskell
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava pluginsuser defined functions in PythonPL/SQL
Triggersyesnoyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal and vertical partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnooptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBSolrSQream DBTimesTen
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