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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score54.58
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score20.57
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmlwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1www.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSAPOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005Vertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release19842018201019982005
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Appliance or cloud-serviceAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyesyesyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoSQLScript, RPL/SQLyes
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesnoneSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBSAP HANATimesTenVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBSAP HANATimesTenVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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