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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.83
Rank#106  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#255  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score1189.21
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdev.mysql.com/­doc
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release198420181995
Current releasev18 R5, January 20218.0.29, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMySQL
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