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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MongoDB vs. Percona Server for MySQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MongoDB vs. Percona Server for MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureEnhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL based on XtraDB or TokuDB storage engines with improved performance and additional diagnostic and management features.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.41
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score477.66
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.53
Rank#115  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comwww.percona.com/­software/­mysql-database/­percona-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.percona.com/­downloads/­Percona-Server-LATEST
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMongoDB, IncPercona
Initial release1984201820092008
Current releasev18 R5, January 20216.0.0, July 20228.0.28-20, 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Native API
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
XtraDB Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMongoDBPercona Server for MySQL
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMongoDBPercona Server for MySQL
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