DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#290  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMicrosoft
Initial release198420182014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScript
TriggersyesnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Apache IoTDB now a Top-Level Project at ASF
23 September 2020, SDTimes.com

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® IoTDB™ as
23 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Apache Promotes IoT Database Project
25 September 2020, Datanami

The Apache® Software Foundation Welcomes its Global Community Online at ApacheCon(TM) Asia 2021
9 June 2021, GlobeNewswire

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Program for
17 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Document Databases Software Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

Microsoft shares guidance on securing Azure Cosmos DB accounts
30 August 2021, BleepingComputer

Public Clouds & Shared Responsibility: Lessons from Vulnerability Disclosure
26 October 2021, Threatpost

NoSQL Databases Software Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Lighting and Staging Technician
4th Dimension Productions Inc., Los Angeles, CA

Access Authorization Specialist
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

Support Engineer - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

Azure Cosmos DB Lead
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Plano, TX

Support Escalation Engineer - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Salesforce Marketing Cloud Developer
Publix, Lakeland, FL

Support Engineer - Azure Synapse
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here