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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. MongoDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. MongoDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score4.32
Rank#82  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score484.67
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgmaxdb.sap.comwww.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997MongoDB, IncOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842018198420091998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 20205.0, July 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesJavaScriptPL/SQL
Triggersyesnoyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMongoDBTimesTen
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMongoDBTimesTen
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