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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#290  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Score4.52
Rank#77  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgmaxdb.sap.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198420181984
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D
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