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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Ingres vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Ingres vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkWell established RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.41
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score6.19
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score54.96
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.actian.com/­ingreshelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationActian CorporationSAP
Initial release198420181974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2010
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111.0, April 20172.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Native API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyesSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationIngres Replicatoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBIngresSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
» more
Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
» more
Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
» more
Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBIngresSAP HANA
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