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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Fauna vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache IoTDB vs. Fauna vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFauna infopreviously named FaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkFauna provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score1.40
Rank#145  Overall
#24  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#70  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score54.58
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comiotdb.apache.orgfauna.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.fauna.comhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationFauna, Inc.SAPOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842018201420101998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)hostedAppliance or cloud-serviceAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languagenoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functionsSQLScript, RPL/SQL
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoIdentity management, authentication, and access controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache IoTDBFauna infopreviously named FaunaDBSAP HANATimesTen
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