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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Impala vs. ITTIA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Impala vs. ITTIA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAnalytic DBMS for HadoopEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream Processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score12.57
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comimpala.apache.orgwww.ittia.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaITTIA L.L.C.
Initial release198420132007
Current releasev20, April 20234.1.0, June 20228.7
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesFixed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Interval
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosDatabase file passwords

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache ImpalaITTIA
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