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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB vs. Weaviate

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationshipsA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#293  Overall
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#281  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#297  Overall
#15  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.comdruid.apache.orgquasardb.netterminusdb.comgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdoc.quasardb.netterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#www.semi.technology/­developers/­weaviate/­current
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation and contributorsquasardbDataChemist Ltd.SeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release19842012200920182017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.21.0, April 20213.1, January 201910.0.3, September 20211.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoGPL V3Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Prolog, RustGo
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-freeyesyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infointeger and binaryyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith tagsyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL for queryingSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (WOQL)GraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP APIOWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyesno
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding infoconsistent hashingGraph PartitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorJournaling Streamsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using LevelDByes infoin-memory journalingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoTransient modeno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailRole-based access controlOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemistWeaviate
Specific characteristicsHigh-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosTick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersLarge EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsHas been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCommunity edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more
News

Weaviate in IEEE

Weaviate on DB-engines.com

Introduction & Demo video

FLOSS Weekly Podcast

FOSDEM 2020 video

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemistWeaviate
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