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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Nebula Graph vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Nebula Graph vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score3.00
Rank#105  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#310  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdruid.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
quasardb.netterminusdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.nebula-graph.iodoc.quasar.ai/­masterterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation and contributorsVesoft Inc.quasardbDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release19842012201920092018
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.22.1, December 20213.13.3, April 202210.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedStrong typed schemaschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binaryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL for queryingSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
HTTP APIOWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding infoconsistent hashingGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby using LevelDByes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole-based access controlCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidNebula GraphQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
High-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
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Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
High performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
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Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Tick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Large EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Has been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Community edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidNebula GraphQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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