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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Nebula Graph vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Nebula Graph vs. Quasardb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.83
Rank#106  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score2.94
Rank#104  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.09
Rank#321  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdruid.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
quasardb.net
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.nebula-graph.iodoc.quasar.ai/­master
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation and contributorsVesoft Inc.quasardb
Initial release1984201220192009
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.22.1, December 20213.13.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedStrong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL for queryingSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole-based access controlCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidNebula GraphQuasardb
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
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High-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
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Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
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High performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
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Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
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Tick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
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Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
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Large EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
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Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
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Has been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
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Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
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Community edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidNebula GraphQuasardb
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