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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. MarkLogic vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. MarkLogic vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score8.94
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score0.15
Rank#293  Overall
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#281  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdruid.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comquasardb.netterminusdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.marklogic.comdoc.quasardb.netterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation and contributorsMarkLogic Corp.quasardbDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release19842012200120092018
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.21.0, April 20219.0, 20173.1, January 201910.0.3, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binaryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL for queryingyes infoSQL92SQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
HTTP APIOWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptnoyes
Triggersyesnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding infoconsistent hashingGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDByes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, with Range Indexesyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidMarkLogicQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
High-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
High performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Tick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Large EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Has been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
Community edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidMarkLogicQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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