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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch vs. Quasardb vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engineTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.81
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#278  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchquasardb.netterminusdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldoc.quasardb.netterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation and contributorsElasticquasardbDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release19842012201020092018
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 20203.1, January 201910.0.3, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infointeger and binaryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL for queryingSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP APIOWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesnoyes
Triggersyesnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingSharding infoconsistent hashingGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using LevelDByes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidElasticsearchQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsHigh-performance , high-speed, fully integrated timeseries database Seamlessly combines...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance in a cost-effective small package Real-time results for even large...
» more
Typical application scenariosTick database Predictive maintenance Pre-deal checks Large scale monitoring
» more
Key customersLarge EU investment banks US based hedge funds Orolia Tellmeplus
» more
Market metricsHas been running in very demanding production environments since 2013 Rapid adoption...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCommunity edition limited to 2 nodes and 16 GiB of storage per node available for...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DruidElasticsearchQuasardbTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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